In the Mythology, Toroni was spouse of Proteus, son of Neptune. Traces of prehistoric settlements of the 3rd millennium B.C. and a lot of other remnants of ancient, palaiochristianiki and Byzantine temples, castles etc testify that the region has been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic season. Ancient Toroni was founded by Chalkidis settlers in the 8th century B.C. In the 5th.century B.C, Toroni was one of the most important cities of Halkidiki. It had its own currency and was a member of Athenian Alliance.Ancient Toroni was one of the oldest and richest cities in Halkidiki.
Ancient Toroni was one of the oldest and richest cities in Halkidiki.
Thucydides recounts that in 423 B.C. it was occupied by the Spartan Brasidas. In 348 B.C. the city devolved to the state of Philippos B’. In 168 B.C. the Romans occupied it and the city was in decline. In the Byzantine times, the region of was property of Mt Athos’ Monasteries. Its powerful walls and other buildings were destroyed the 19th century, when the Turks used the granite stones, with which it was built, for the coating of central roads of Istanbul and Thessaloniki. According to the recent findings of excavations, it was ascertained that the area has been constantly inhabited since the end of the neolithic season until the Turkish conquest. Architectural residues have been found, however, they are very fragmentary, since the place has been used incessantly. Special emphasis was given in the digging of the cemetery from the Iron agethe duration of which is considered to have covered the time since the end of the 2nd c, until the middle of the 9th c. 134 graves from which 118 included combustions and 16 simple inhumations were digged. 500 pots that had been used either as ash containers or as decorations of the tombs of the dead, were also brought to light. Halkidis settlers settled in Toroni in the 8thc. BC.The city participated in the Athenian Alliance, until it was occupied by the Spartans.
Its location, as well as the siege of Likythos, a small and steep, rocky peninsula, in the southern end of the beach, that constituted part of the fortification of ancient Toroni, from the Spartans, in the Peloponnesian War, are described analytically by Thucydides.In the Roman and Byzantine years the city acquired powerful walls, which protected it both from land and from sea. They were built with what remained from Likithos. The excavations in the region began in 1975 by the Australian Archaeological Institute of Athens. The findings showed that the region had been continuously inhabited since the precocious season of Coper. Certain important pieces were found in the cemetery of the city and among them there was an astonishing silver jug of the 5th c. B.C. with carved jelly-fish in the handholds, which is found in the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki.
A part of the city and ancient relics from the acropolis can be seen today from the ancient city. From the deep of the sea were recovered the docklands made from huge granite rocks.